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সর্ব-শেষ হাল-নাগাদ: ১১ নভেম্বর ২০১৪

বিদ্যুৎ খাতের হালনাগাদ

 

Situation in 2009 (at the time of assumption of power of the present government):

On 6th January, 2009 power generation was 3267 MW against national demand of 5200 MW.

 

Commitment in power sector as per Election Manifesto:

To raise the power generation up to 5000 MW by 2011 and 7000 MW by 2013.

 

Plan of the government:

In spite of financial constraints and gas supply shortages, the government designed a strategy to overcome the crisis and at the same time meet the ever increasing demand for power. It launched immediate, short, medium and long term programs to increase power supply through introduction of fuel mix (gas, coal, liquid fuel, nuclear energy and renewable), demand side management, energy efficiency and conservation. After assessing the latest demand, the government has revised its targets for increasing power generation. The year-wise details of the additional power generation programs, both in public and private, are listed below:

 

Plants Commissioned During 2009 – December  2013                                                   (MW)

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total
Public   255 800 607 587 2249
Private 356 520 963 344 76 2259
Power Import         500 500
Total 356 775 1763 951 1163 5008

 

* From January to June 2014: Total 407 MW of capacity Power Plants commissioned.

 

Calendar Year Wise Generation Addition program (From 2014 to 2018)                              (MW)

YEAR

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

TOTAL

Public

225

1293

1475

2131

1320

6444

Private

1024

 1218

1014

640

630

4526

Total

1249

2511

2489

2771

1950

10970

 

 

Achievements till May 2014:

3 plants with a capacity of about 4,915 MW have been commissioned, 33 plants with a capacity of  6,986 MW are under construction. 22 projects with a capacity of about 5,272 MW are under tendering process.

 

Access to electricity has been raised from 47% to 62% (including RE) and per capita electricity generation improved dramatically (from 220 kWh to 321 kWh). 3.45 million people have newly been connected and System loss(distribution) reduced from 15.67% to 12.03%.

 

Highest generation so far was 7356 MW recorded on 30/03/2014 and it is increasing gradually;

 

With proper load management, irrigation for agriculture has been being given the fullest support which contributed to bumper harvests during the last crop seasons.

 

Government has prepared the Power System Master Plan 2010 (PSMP 2010). According to the PSMP 2010 the estimated demand for power would be 19,000 MW in 2021 and 34,000 MW in 2030;

 

Government has already initiated different energy saving measures and Demand-Side management program to save power and energy. One such program is the distribution of energy efficient CFL free of cost. 10.5 million have already been distributed through this program . Mass awareness raising programs have been undertaken. Inclusion of energy efficiency in the school curricula, essay competition amongst the school students on energy efficiency issues , use of electronic and print media are some of them .

 

Considering the country’s future energy security and low-carbon emission strategy, programs have been undertaken to promote use of renewable energy. Government has formulated pro-investment policy to encourage private sector investment in Renewable Energy (RE) Sector. Bangladesh has the fastest growing Solar Home System (SHS) in the world with over one million homes covered under the program being spear headed by IDCOL, a public infrastructure financing entity. Other projects include: 1 MW solar hybrid system along with 5 MW by diesel in Hatia island, 8 MW Solar PV plant in Kaptai, Solar Street lights in six City Corporation areas, replacement of diesel irrigation pump by Solar, 600 kW solar mini grid in a remote area Sullah, 11 KW solar power to the CHT area, nearly 230 W solar power in Angorpota and Dahagram Chitmahal Area. Solar PV with capacity of 21.2 KW at the Honble Prime Minister's office has been installed as a demonstration project. Other line ministries have also undertaken projects on solar lighting;

 

Sustainable & Renewable Energy Development Authority Act-2012 has been enacted to set up nodal organization for renewable and energy efficiency issues.

 

Customers can now pay utility bills on-line and through mobile phones which have been hailed by the public.

 

Future programs:

With new generation addition, the total generation capacity would be 17,000 MW by 2016. By that time some power plants will be derated, contracts of some rental power plants will be over and the dependable capacity would be around 13,000 MW.

 

Coal will be the dominating fuel in the future generation. Two big coal fire plants with capacity of 1320 MW each will be set up, one in Khulna and other in Chittagong. The Khulna plant will be set up in joint venture with BPDB of Bangladesh and NTPC of India. Besides, other coal fired plants will be set up in different locations of Khulna, Chittagong, Matarbari and Moheshkhali;

 

Transmission and distribution system will be improved accordingly in line with generation increase;

 

The old plants will be rehabilitated phase-wise into combined cycle plants for energy efficiency and reduction of emissions.

 

Sustainable & Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA), as a nodal agency for renewable energy, energy efficiency and energy conservation, will be set up. The act has already been passed by the Parliament and have made effective from 22nd May, 2014. Steps are going on to operationalize SREDA. Another organization in the name of Bangladesh Energy Research Council will be formed for R&D in power and energy sector;

 

To promote solar energy, recently government has initiated 500 MW Solar Power Development Program. The plan envisages with the provision of solar power in the remote and hard to serve areas, community clinics, rural schools, union-information centers and irrigation pumps which would not only enhance quality of life and productivity in the rural areas but also contribute to reduction of infant and child mortality, improvement of maternal health, reduction of malnutrition and empowerment of women which are included in MDGs.

 

To explore the wind potentials in Bangladesh, a number of wind mapping programs has been initiated all over the country. Along with wind mapping, a flag ship wind power project with capacity of 15 MW will be implemented within 2 years.

 

Cross-border power trading is going on with India which will carry forward further. Possibilities of trading of hydro power from Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar are being explored.

 

Human Resource Planning in line with Power Sector Master Plan 2010 is being designed;

 

Extensive use of ICT will be made to improve the institutional capacity of the power sector and service delivery to the customers;

 

Energy saving measures will be extended further. Pre-paid metering will be introduced and will be expanded throughout the country. In the first phase 35,000 meters will be distributed in one year and government is intended to replace the existing meters with pre-paid meters with in 5 years.

 


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